You might ever wonder what trees, vegetables, and spices which are easily grown in Bali. Below are the familiar trees, vegetables, and spices in Bali that may you find everywhere you go. Not only easily to be found but also some trees have their own meaning as well as an important part of Balinese life.
This kind of trees have a lot of trunks and it is a common sight in Bali. The trunks can reach a height of up to 100 feet and have a huge lateral spread. The Banyan tree is also known as Waringin in Indonesia and considered as a holy tree by Balinese. Most of religious ceremonies are held at its base and it is also used as a background for dance and festivals. In addition, you may also Balinese temples built within its roots.
[Photo by Tripadvisor]
The coconut tree is a familiar sight in Bali, being the tree that most people identify with tropical paradises. It is one of the most important crops of these same paradises. The tree can reach a height of 85 feet, being crowned by large sloping ribbon-like leaves under which the large round fruit is borne. The Balinese boys are expert in scaling the tree in a few minutes to obtain the fruit or if the trees are short enough they may use a stick to bring the fruit tumbling into their arms. We know that coconut palm tree has many functions; the young coconut can be a refreshing drink, the trunk is normally used in construction, the coconut fruit itself is used for coconut oil, the coconut leaves normally used by Balinese to make an offering and etc.
[Photo by Muntigunung Community]
When you see this tree at the first time, this tree is similar in appearance to the coconut tree, being the same family although it grows much more slowly and its trunk is more straight and stronger. It is also known as the fan tree due to the shape of its leaves. The trunk is used in Bali for construction and as a mortar in the making of salt. The leaves itself play an important part in the making of offerings which is integral to the Balinese culture. Previously, Indonesians used lontar leaves as material to write on. The leaves are boiled in water to which spices have been added to protect them from insects. After being dried in the sun a few times they are cut into strips. They are then flattened and dried again. Holes are made through which string is threaded to bind them together.
[Photo by Bali Kini]
Similar in appearance to the papaya tree although on a smaller scale, the cassava tree was originally grown in Central America. However, this tree now grows more abundantly in the tropics. The most important part of this plant is its roots from which cassava flour, bread, tapioca are derived. An alcoholic beverage is also made from their roots. Besides, its leaves also normally cooked as vegetables.
[Photo by Pinterest]
This kind of tree is unusual looking tree with split leaves is a relative of the jackfruit and also bears large fruit up to 10 lbs. The fruit is very nutritious, containing vitamins A, B, C, and carbohydrates. The tree also has other purposes; canoes are made from its wood, tape from its bark and the sap is used to fill the seams of the canoes. In the meantime, this fruit is also cooked as vegetables in Bali.
[Photo by The Whole Daily]
This fruit is originated in India as well as in Malaysia. The fruit is grown along the trunk of the tree and can weigh anything up to 70 lbs. It is one of the world's largest fruits. In appearance, it has a yellow rough skin, the inside being divided into sections of soft, yellow pulp. The taste is sweet, similar to breadfruit and the fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. The Indonesians normally boil and fry it and it is delicious in curries. Its seeds which are large and white can be toasted.
[Photo by Wikipedia]
Local people are divided the lime into two types. When you see the small round wrinkle, lime is normally called Lemo. It has a very strong scent and normally used to add more flavor in Balinese cooking i.e. lawar (Balinese mix vegetables) or minced satay. Then Juwuk Lengis is a round skinned lime type. This lime is a substitute for Lemon, which is widely used for refreshing drinks or juice that has good benefits for health problem.
[Photo by Gardening Know How]
At last but not least another common spice in Bali is clove. Grown commercially in Indonesia to provide cloves to make jam or jelly although its taste is bitter. However, clove oil is more familiar than clove jam or jelly. Clove oil is processed from the buds which are initially dried. This can be used medicinally in the treatment of toothache. In addition, the clove is also used for flavoring in cooking as in the apple pie.